Schiff, Meir (Maharam)

(1605-41)
   German talmudist. He was born in Frankfurt am Main. He was rabbi of Fulda, where he also directed a yeshivah. His novellae on the Talmud are recorded in Maharam Schiff.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • SCHIFF, MEIR BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN — (known as the MaHaRaM; Morenu Ha Rav Meir Schiff; 1605–1641), talmudist and rabbinic author. Born in Frankfurt, where his father was a member of the bet din and a communal leader, Schiff was, in his early youth, considered a scholar of unusual… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maharam — (Hebrew: מהר ם) is an acronym of the words ...מורנו הרב רבי מ (Morenu Ha Rav M..., Our teacher the Rabbi M...). Since many Rabbis where referred to as Maharam, an addition, usually a name of a place or a surname is generally used to differentiate …   Wikipedia

  • Meir Shiff — For Maharam Shik see Moshe Shik. Meïr ben Jacob HaKohen Schiff, (1608 1644) (Hebrew: מאיר הכהן שיף) called the Maharam Schiff (מהר ם שיף) , was a German rabbi and Talmud scholar. Early life Meïr Schiff was born at Frankfort on the Main in 1608.… …   Wikipedia

  • ḤIDDUSHIM — (Heb. חִדּוּשִׁים, novellae ), the results of a method of study of rabbinical literature which derives new ideas from talmudic and also rabbinic texts, in order to clarify halakhah. The ḥiddushim represent the obligation imposed upon us to search …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • AḤARONIM — (Heb. אַחֲרוֹנִים; lit. the later (authorities), a term used to designate the later rabbinic authorities, in contrast to the rishonim , the earlier authorities. Although scholars differ as to the exact chronological dividing line between the two …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TOSAFOT — (Heb. תּוֹסָפוֹת; lit. additions ), collections of comments on the Talmud arranged according to the order of the talmudic tractates. In general the point of departure of the tosafot is not the Talmud itself but the comments on it by the earlier… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Moses Sofer — Oil painting of the Chasam Sofer based on Ber Frank Halevi s drawing Born September 26, 1762(1762 09 26) (7 Tishrei 5523 Anno Mundi) Frankfurt am Main, Germany Died Octo …   Wikipedia

  • GERMANY — GERMANY, country in north central Europe. The Talmud and the Midrash use Germania (or Germamia ) as a designation for northern European countries, and also refer to the military prowess of these peoples and to the threat they posed to the Roman… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SPITZER, SOLOMON — (Benjamin Solomon Zalman; 1826–1893), known as Reb Zalman Spitzer; rabbi and leader of Austrian Orthodox Jewry. Born in Ofen (Budapest), he studied under R. Moses Schick, in St. Jur, R. Meir Ash eisenstaedter in Ungvar, and R. Abraham Samuel… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • FULDA — FULDA, city in Hesse, Germany. Jews are first mentioned there in 1235, when 34 martyrs were burned to death following a blood libel . Emperor frederick ii , after inquiries, refuted the charge in his judgment of the case. The martyrs were… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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